The Battle for Raqqa in pictures. This summer, Syrian Democratic Forces troops supported by U.S. special forces fought their way into the sprawling city, accompanied by heavy coalition airstrikes on ISIS positions, reducing much of the city to piles of rubble. Thousands of civilians remain trapped in Raqqa (the Atlantic).
Trump to rebuke Iran but won't call for sanctions that threaten nuclear deal. European officials relieved Trump won’t urge reimposition of sanctions. US president to ask Congress to amend 2015 legislation on Iran (the Guardian).
Why did Vikings have 'Allah' embroidered into funeral clothes? Researchers in Sweden have found Arabic characters woven into burial costumes from Viking boat graves. The discovery raises new questions about the influence of Islam in Scandinavia (BBC).