The journal > Year 12 No. 24 December 2016

Between Immigration and Islam. Europe Rethinks Itself

Year 12 No. 24 December 2016

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Leader

A Complex Encounter Destined to Change Us

Europe has in its DNA the capacity to “integrate in new syntheses the most varied and discrete cultures”

Michele Brignone

Focus

Christianity and Europe, between Liquid Secularism and Migrations

Economic crisis and religious fundamentalisms are symptoms of the encounter between resignation and despair. Christian Europe taught all those who are now fighting each other (and fighting Europe) the new Europe must resolutely aim at the hybridization of household cultures

Pierangelo Sequeri

The Brain Drain and the Future of Syria

The economy of the Middle Eastern country is collapsing and the refugee exodus is leading to a tragic loss of skill sets, knowledge base and capital that will have an impact on the future of the region. The crisis is increasingly being framed in sectarian ways

Helen Makkas, Omar S. Dahi

The Sahel, a Forgotten Strategic Frontier

The sub-Saharan belt is a region that rarely hits the headlines but, for Europe, it constitutes a crucially important area for the issues of immigration and security

Emilio E. Manfredi

The Economy of Refugee Camps

The exile of millions of Syrians has led to the creation of both official and unofficial temporary settlements in the Middle East. Neighbourhood and village dynamics are recreated inside them, together with forms of commerce and exchange, and these help to keep the identity of a people alive

Kamel Doraï

A Marshall Plan for the Mediterranean? A Premature Idea

There are many forms of social behaviour that are based on the principle of gratuitousness. It is only if we take these as the starting point for rethinking the concept of capitalistic private ownership that it makes sense to commit to an economic reconstruction project involving Europe, North African coastal countries and the Middle East

Giulio Sapelli

Revitalizing Democracy as a Response to Violence

The lack of understanding between Muslims and non-Muslims can be traced to the fact that we find ourselves facing a “complex encounter” of civilizations in which individuals are conveying different conceptions of the public space. There is an urgent need to renegotiate co-existence

Brigitte Maréchal

How Islam Became “American”

Muhammad Ali “made being Muslim cool, in a way that no one could challenge his belongingness to America”. Ali represents the best of American ideals, the Orlando shooter represents the worse

Amir Hussein

The European Jihadist’s Identikit

Jihadism raises the issue of meaning and the lack of ideals in a Europe in which the classical ideologies have lost their ability to mobilize people

Farhad Khosrokhavar

The Molenbeek Effect: the Facts beyond the Myth

The story of this district in Brussels, which was the hideout for some of the terrorists carrying out the Paris attacks in November 2015, demonstrates that in the fight against radicalism new socio-political configurations and a mature and courageous Islamic leadership are needed

Felice Dassetto

Documents

Hospitality, a Pillar of Arab and Islamic Ethics

[This article is published in Oasis no. 24. To read all the contents buy a copy or subscribe] A legendary poet-knight slightly preceding Islam, Hātim al-Tā’ī is a proverbial model of generous hospitality not only in Arab literature but also throughout the Islamic world. Of the very many texts in which his name occur...

Martino Diez

The Generous Deeds of the Tribal Chief

From the legendary figure of Hātim (a poet-knight of pre-Islamic Arabia mentioned even by Boccaccio and Goethe) to the sayings of the Prophet, hospitality has been made a keystone of the Islamic ethical system. And yet Islam was also, with great practicality, to define its limits: three days, the first with a special banquet and the other two with normal treatment. “Anything after that is charity.”

Texts by Ibn Qutayba

Taking the Other’s Existence Seriously

[This article is published in Oasis no. 24. To read all the contents buy a copy or subscribe] Inconvenient for the liberals (although they owe much to him) and inconvenient for the establishment, the French Jesuit Jean Daniélou was doubtless one of the great twentieth-century theologians and one of the fathers of Va...

Claudio Monge op

A Great Human Reality

Normally, if people come across a fugitive, a wanderer or a stranger, they kill him. The radical change occurs the day when such a person is received as a guest and as someone sent by God. This radical change can be observed, in particular, in the two great civilizations from which our own originates: the Greek civilization and the Semitic one

Texts by Jean Daniélou

Reportage

The Lost Generation

In Lebanon, there are at least 250,000 refugees aged between three and eighteen who are not attending school. This is half the 500,000 young people registered with the United Nations. The numbers are even more shocking if other countries hosting Syrians in the region are taken into consideration: there are 800,000 school-age refugees in Turkey, 500,000 of whom are not in the schooling system, and 80,000 young Syrians without an education in Jordan

Rolla Scolari

Book Reviews

Migrations, the Speculators of Moral Panicking

Zygmunt Bauman, Strangers at Our Door, Polity, Cambridge, 2016

Alessandro Zaccuri

Europeans: Irrelevant if Divided, Necessary if United

Slippery Slope. Europe’s Troubled Future

Andrea Pin

The Evolution of Jihad in Europe, from the 1990s to Today

Petter Nesser, Islamist Terrorism in Europe. A History, Hurst Publishers, London, 2015

Chiara Pellegrino

Inside the Super-Muslim’s Psyche

Un furieux désir de sacrifice. Le surmusulman

Martino Diez

Reform? Islam is “Already Modern”

Shadi Hamid, Islamic Exceptionalism. How the Struggle over Islam is Reshaping the World, St. Martin’s Press, New York, 2016

If the World envies Europe’s Welcoming Attitude

It is truly wonderful that Italy is in the running for an Oscar thanks to a film like Fuocoammare. For several reasons. The first and most important one is summed up in one line of the documentary’s protagonist, Pietro Bartolo, a doctor: “It is a duty for every man who is truly a man to help these people.” Period. Ther...

Emma Neri

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