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The images of the revolts in Tunisia and Egypt are destined to last in time in exactly the same way as the destruction of the Berlin wall (which did not simple ‘collapse’) has endured. In these two countries of North Africa (gradually followed by almost all the other countries of the Arab world), a process destined to go on for a long time, whatever path will be followed, including that of confusion, has just begun. One may say that an epoch ended and that suddenly, with squares filled with peaceful people demanding change, everything else seemed superseded. The old can resist by using a variety of approaches: from political openings to legislative concessions to demented violence, as, unfortunately, one can continue to see. But one is dealing with ‘resisting’ the inexorable march of a humanity that asks for freedom, justice, equality and dignity. These ‘events’, as they are often called, agitate and pose questions to the Middle East, its culture, its structural arrangements and its leaderships. A restlessness that is added to the millennium-old wound of Islam – that division between Shi’ism and Sunnism – which during the current historical period has acquired strong political, strategic and national connotations.

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