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Articles - 2014

Sherif Younis

Islamic Fundamentalism and the Tyranny of the State

There is a link between the growth of renewalist or fundamentalist thought and the political situation of a country. Where there is freedom in public space, fundamentalism is more successfully countered. But where dictatorship prevails, even if hostile to the Islamists, fundamentalism prospers.

25/11/2014 | Sherif Younis | Religions and the public sphere
Grand Mufti of Saudi Arabia ‘Abd al-‘Azîz Âl al-Shaykh

‘A Satanic Shoot’: the Islamic State in the View of the ulama

The Egyptian press has recently witnessed the different positions expressed by the ulama on the Islamic State. There are those who hold that it is an expression of dissidence; those who believe that it is a disgrace for Islam; and those who argue that it is in the pay of Israel. This is a way for many Muslim leaders to reaffirm their authority.

25/11/2014 | Chiara Pellegrino | Arab Revolutions
Islâm Yakan

From Apolitical Affluent Young Man to Jihadist: Story of a Transformation

Islâm Yakan is an example of how the attitude of a young man from a comfortable background can change from one of indifference to politics to active involvement with the Jihadists in Syria. A human event reconstructed by a newspaper from descriptions provided by neighbours and friends and gossip.

25/11/2014 | Jihad al-Dinari | Arab Revolutions
IS fighters

The IS Militant Aspires to Glorious Death

The caliphate of al Baghdadî is based not only military force but also on the ability to attract and motivate Jihadists who are converging on the Middle East from all over the world.

25/11/2014 | Arab Revolutions
Kurds escaping from Iraq

The Caliph and his Converging Enemies

What is the origin of the IS and what does it aim at ? An expert in the ethics of war identifies the origin and main political consequences of the caliphate: the position of China, the strange unprecedented convergence between Saudi and Shi’ites in front of a common enemy, the new role of the Kurds.

25/11/2014 | Henri Hude | Arab Revolutions
Islamic State map

The Chimera of the Islamic State

The condemnation of ISIS by the variegated galaxy of fundamentalists might be the occasion to call into question the ideal itself of the Islamic state, painful but necessary for those thinkers who pursue the idea of diversity for modern Islam.

25/11/2014 | Martino Diez | Arab Revolutions
Elections in Tunis

The Revolution is Dead. In Fact it is not

The different emphases of the international mass media in reporting about the recent elections demonstrate how the case of Tunisia is the subject of especial attention on the part of those who are trying to measure whether a society with a Muslim majority can construct a democratic State and the consequences for the whole of the Mediterranean basin.

04/11/2014 | Claudio Fontana | Arab Revolutions

‘My Success Lies Only with Allah’

The official declaration of the an-Nahda movement on the official results of the elections of 26 October 2014 (published on 30 October 2014).

04/11/2014 | Rachid Ghannouchi | Arab Revolutions
Hamadi Redissi

Tunisian Earthquake: the First Electoral Defeat of an Islamist Party

The defeat of the Islamist party an-Nahda – which had won the elections of 2011 – at the first Tunisian elections after the implementation of the new Constitution, and the victory of the secular and variegated Nidaa Tunis, sent some interesting signals about the processes that are underway in the Mediterranean. The comments of the Tunisian political scientist Hamadi Redissi.

04/11/2014 | Marialaura Conte | Arab Revolutions
The leaders of Nidaa Tunis

The Defeated Islamists Ready for a Pact with the Enemy

Not humiliated, but defeated: the Islamists are the losers of the Tunisian elections but they are ready to remain on stage even at the cost of alliances with their antagonists of the electoral campaign (Nidaa Tunis) who won by presenting themselves as being ‘against’ political Islam. The stability of the country is at stake.

04/11/2014 | Michele Brignone | Arab Revolutions

A Bulwark Against Individualism

The character of the lives of Christian families in contexts where there is a Muslim majority emerged from the speeches of the Patriarchs of the Eastern Churches and of the Patriarch of Jerusalem of the Latins who were present at the Extraordinary Synod on the Family (Rome, 5-19 October 2014). We here offer some passages from those speeches.

28/10/2014 | Francesca Miglio | Eastern Christians
The town of Kobane

If the Kurdish fighters make us feel ashamed

Their faces, young and courageous, have captured the surprised attention of the global mass media. But the Kurd girl warriors, who are also ready to die to defend their homes against the advance of Isis, are described with different accents according to the latitudes of the world where they are talked about. Oasis introduces some of these girl warriors to its readers.

28/10/2014 | Claudio Fontana | Arab Revolutions
Jocelyne Khoueiry

Middle Eastern families: engaged in surviving, then philosophizing

The questions presented by the Western media as relevant to the debate of the Synod on the family that has just finished, such as the re-admittance of divorced and civilly remarried Catholics to the sacraments and homosexual relationships, are not a subject of discussion in Lebanon. In the Middle East the family has other priorities: above all, survival.

28/10/2014 | Marialaura Conte | Religions and the public sphere
Suzy Ismail

Broken families. The care of Muslims

How does the Muslim family face the disintegration of relations between couples and with the children? Suzi Ismail, who has many years experience at the Center for Muslim Life (New Jersey), describes the factors that can contribute to the destruction of the family and offers suggestions on how to reconstruct it, even starting with one’s own roots in Islam.

28/10/2014 | Suzy Ismail | Religions and the public sphere
Mgr. Andon Merdani

Characteristic ecclesiology of the Orthodox Church in Albania

«We are a single Church, not a confederation of churches. […] But it is true that in some local churches there is a tendency to assume a very limited point of view.». The particular experience of Albanian orthodoxy, annihilated by Communism and reborn with the help of sister churches, has led it to develop a characteristic ecclesiology, accompanied by a pronounced missionary spirit. A testimony to the variety that is part of the orthodox world.

28/10/2014 | Martino Diez | Eastern Christians
Mons. Sako

The Patriarch of the Chaldeans: ‘To extirpate the very roots of jihadism’

During the Synod on the Family the date was announced, following the wishes of Pope Francis, that the consistory already envisaged for 20 October would be on the Middle East. The Patriarch of the Chaldeans, H.B. Louis Sako, explains to Oasis what is expected of it.

17/10/2014 | Marialaura Conte | Christians in the Muslim world
A decorated church in Baghadad

The crucifix of Baghdad and ISIS

An Iraqi woman testifies how the young men of Baghdad celebrated the Feast of The Holy Cross amid solidarity for their refugee brothers, fear of the advance of ISIS and the hope of faith.

17/10/2014 | Anan Alkass Yousif | Christians in the Muslim world
Cover of a Syriac manuscript

The Benedictines and the new barbarians

With ISIS advancing in Iraq and Syria, attention must first be paid to the defence of human life and the care of refugees. But the new barbarians do not confine themselves to killing people, but also wish to cancel out the memory of those who have lived in the territories which they now occupy by destroying their ancient cultural heritage.

17/10/2014 | Martino Diez | Eastern Christians
Cardinal Barbarin with Patriarch Sako

Why I Went to Iraq

From the personal friendship of the Archbishop of Lyons and the Patriarch of Babylonia of the Chaldeans was born an exchange of meetings and the twinning of the French diocese and the city of Mossul. This has been a concrete way of helping Eastern Christians and a warning to the West not to forget them.

17/10/2014 | Marialaura Conte | Eastern Christians

Fethullah Gulen Statement on ISIS

I deplore the brutal atrocities being committed by the ISIS terrorist group hiding behind a false religious rhetoric and join the people of conscience from around the world in calling for these perpetrators to immediately cease their cruel and inhuman acts. Any form of attack, suppression or persecution of minorities o...

03/10/2014 | Fethullah Gülen | Religions and the public sphere
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