A new international event of Oasis in Sarajevo, 16–17 June 2014
This event, chaired by Cardinal Angelo Scola, the Archbishop of Milan, will be opened by Cardinal Vinko Puljić, the Archbishop of Sarajevo, and by Husein ef. Kavazović, the Reis-ul-ulema of the Islamic community of Bosnia-Herzegovina.
The subject and the location of the meeting will offer many stimuli as regards the shared debate which will proceed on the basis of the following guidelines:
- a re-reading of the consequences of the First World War, an epochal event not only for Europe but also for the Islamic world (the end of the Ottoman caliphate, the birth of political Islam and Arab nationalism, the strategic centrality of oil, the first genocides);
- the problematization of the war. The period inaugurated by the First World War was characterised by deep contradiction: on the one hand, there was a calling into question of war in a radical way that was hitherto unknown at a religious and secular level; on the other, the epoch of the great genocides began, the eclipse of the classic institution of war which was gradually replaced by terrorism;
- religious violence: although at the outset the religious element had a limited role in the Great War, the nexus with religion came back onto the stage (one may think of Jihadism in the Middle East and in Africa), with a grave impact on minorities. The return of religiously motivated violence has generated as a reaction in the West suspicion of the faiths and in particular the monotheistic faiths which are accused of being structurally violent and intolerant;
- the war in Bosnia (1992-1995): addressing the subject of war and peace specifically in Sarajevo is not a secondary fact. Indeed, the city still has the traces of a recent conflict and compels reflection about the violence that took place twenty years ago, which was nourished by an ethnic-religious dimension as well.
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