After beheading dictators of various kinds, the main players of the Arab revolts are today going through a transition which also affects neighbouring countries and the whole of the West

This article was published in Oasis 16. Read the table of contents

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Broadening not Juxtaposing: The New Step Forward for Oasis, Angelo Scola

Freedom of Conscience: The Principle of Every Citizenship, Moncef Marzouki




The Measure of Freedom: Freedom without Measure?, Yadh Ben Achour

Injections of Piety in an-Nahda’s Projects, Malika Zeghal

For God or for the People?, Riadh Chaibi

A New Competition in the Public Space, Ajmi Lourimi

The Pluralist Turning Point: If not Now, When?, Abdelmajid Charfi

The Iron Struggle between the Army and the Brothers, Tewfik Aclimandos

Anatolian Tigers: Both Secular and Pious, Alberto Fabio Ambrosio

The Arab Moment of Truth that Concerns Us All, Paolo Gomarasca

That Liberal Nexus between Democracy and Religion, Massimo Borghesi

The Christian City: A Bastion for All Believers, John Milbank and Adrian Papst

Subjects of the Governor of the Universe, Charles J. Chaput




Free to Say No to Evil, H.H Pope Benedict XVI

A Healthy Secularity for the Middle East too, H.H Pope Benedict XVI

Honouring Truth to Live Together, Jacques Maritain

A Government without Religion for Religious Citizens, Muhammad Mahdî Shamseddine




‘Turkey is no Longer too Big, too Poor and too Muslim’, Egemen Bağış   




At the Heart of the Chemistry of Lebanon, Maria Laura Conte




Called by Destiny, not by Chance, Maroun Lahham

The Efficacy of Civic Friendship, Franz Magnis-Suseno

Wandering Around in Heaven Between Satire and Doubt, Martino  Diez




Towards a New Universalism of Rights, Paolo Monti

The Extra of Law, Andrea Pin

How Much Does it Cost to Amputate Freedom?, Francesca Padoan

The Islamists Taken Seriously, Michele Brignone

The Three Faces of the Bearded, Martino Diez

Dreaming of a Green Bicycle in Riyadh, Emma Neri




Those Unbearable Moques, Hiba Abid




Biannual Journal of the Oasis International Foundation

Studium Generale Marcianum

Year 8°, Number 16, December 2012


Editor Maria Laura Conte

Managing Editor Martino Diez

Editorial staff Michele Brignone Chiara Pellegrino Meriem Senous

Editorial Consultants Marco Bardazzi Bernardo Cervellera Angelika Diekmann Axel Diekmann Roberto Donadoni Camille Eid Claudio Lurati Dino Pistolato

Graphic Design Anna Wawrzyniak Maoloni

Layout Anna Wawrzyniak Maoloni Alessandro Bellucci [Arabic and Urdu]

French translation Martine Gilsoul Claire Perfumo

English translation Cyprian Blamires Catharine De Rienzo Matthew Fforde

Arabic translation François Eid Martino Diez [from Arabic]

Urdu translation Mobeen Shahid


Registration Tribunal of Venice No.1498 of 12/10/2004


Cover price Italy €15,00 [abroad €19,00]



Promotional Committee: H.E. Card. Angelo Scola, Archbishop of Milan H.B. Card. Antonios Naguib, Patriarch of Alexandria of the Copts H.E. Card. Philippe Barbarin, Archbishop of Lyons H.E. Card. Josip Bozanić, Archbishop of Zaghreb H.E. Card. Péter Erdő, Archbishop of Budapest H.E. Card. John Onaiyekan, Archbishop of Abuja   H.E. Card. Christoph Schönborn, Archbishop of Wien H.E. Card. Jean-Louis Tauran, President of the Pontifical Council for Interreligious Dialogue H.B. Msgr. Fouad Twal, Patriarch of Jerusalem of the Latins H.E. Msgr. Jean-Clément Jeanbart, Archbishop of Aleppo of the Melkites H.E. Msgr. Maroun Lahham, Auxiliary Bishop of the Patriarch of Jerusalem for Jordan H.E. Msgr. Fco. Javier Martínez, Archbishop of Granada H.E. Msgr. Joseph Powathil, Archbishop Emeritus of Changanacherry H.E. Msgr. Henri Teissier, Archbishop Emeritus of Algiers H.E. Msgr. Anthony T. Lobo, Bishop Emeritus of Islamabad-Rawalpindi H.E. Msgr. Camillo Ballin, Apostolic Vicar of Northern Arabia H.E. Msgr. Paul Hinder, Apostolic Vicar of Southern Arabia Prof. Carl A. Anderson, Supreme Knight, Knights of Columbus


Scientific Committee: Tewfik Aclimandos Carl Anderson José Andrés Gallego Gianni Bernardi Francesco Botturi Rémi Brague Paolo Branca Michele Brignone Stratford Caldecott Maria Laura Conte Salim Daccache Martino Diez Jean Duchesne Jean-Paul Durand Brian E. Ferme Francesco Follo Roberto Fontolan Paolo Gomarasca Henri Hude Samir Khalil Samir Nikolaus Lobkowicz Franz Magnis-Suseno Cesare Mirabelli Ignazio Musu Andrea Pacini Jean-Jacques Pérennès Andrea Pin Javier Prades López Gabriel Richi Alberti Giovanna Rossi Olivier Roy Giovanni Salmeri Kamil William Samaan Giuseppe Scattolin Milad Sidky Zakhary Boghos Levon Zekiyan