The Kosovo People and the Exhausting eve of Independence
| Engelbert Zefaj
On November 17th, and for the first time in Kosovo, there had been simultaneously triple political elections : that is to say the same day the Kosovar people voted for the parliament, communal assemblies and the mayor.
Despite the convalidation of the results by all the parties who participated to the electoral tour, the elections took place in a huge confusion and a low participation (34%-35% unlike the official data of 43%). This was due namely to the too brief duration of the electoral campaign, reduced to three weeks, in part to the absence of the Serbs, who abstained from voting according to the directives of Belgrade and finally because of the heavy actions brought by the association «Vetevendosje» opposed to the UNMIK and to all those who collaborate with the UN Protectorate. Its members went from house to house, mainly in rural zones, inviting to the boycott of the elections which would, according to them, legitimise local and international corruption.
However, those elections had been considered by both the international community and the Kosovar institutions as an important hint of democracy and civilisation, as never before in this country.
This time, the LDK (Kosovo Democratic League), the party of late Ibrahim Rugova, undermined and weakened, did not win. The victory went to the PDK (Kossovar Democratic Party) led by the former UCK leader.
The winner, Hisham Thaqi, has no majority to compose alone his government and finds himself confronted to two possibilities of alliance: either with the LDK and Serb minorities, a possibility approved by the International community but not by the PDK electorate ; or with the AKR-LDD (one of the fractions born from the LDK division), a hypothesis unwelcomed by the International community.
A harsh and complex season opens for Hashim Thaqi, who is aware of the fact that he is not in position to bring Kossovo out of the economical and social crisis without the support of the international community, and that on the other hand he cannot afford to lose domestic sustain.
Meanwhile, the crucial date of December 10th hangs over, as the deadline for the negociations related to the final status of Kossovo.
Discussions between diplomats did not bring to any definite decision. Yet the hypothesis seems more and more probable as it is continuously repeatad in various occasions by the President of Kossovo Fatmir Sejdiu and Hashim Thaqi himself is a unilateral declaration of independence by next January at the latest.
Whenas political strategies are to be decided, the main protagonist of the whole affair must not be ignored: that is the Kossovard people. Until now, and despite the great difficulties, they resist serenly to this waiting considering it an eve of independence. But if times turn still too long, there exist no garanty that peace resists as well.
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